Brown Leaf Spot
Brown Leaf Spot
Cochliobolus miyabeanus, Luttrellia oryzae, and Bipolaris oryzae
Who am I?
Brown leaf spot is a fungal disease that affects rice fields all over the world. Brown leaf spot favors high humidity, but is capable of developing in a range of temperatures. The fungi is more common in unflooded fields and where soils suffer nutrient-deficiencies. Important sources of brown leaf spot outbreaks are infected seeds in which the fungi are able to survive for several years and the air through the aid of wind.
The symptoms on leaves are round or oval brown spots with yellow halos. The disease can cause significant economic losses if not controlled. Eventually, it will manifest on glumes and seeds that lead to yield reduction.
*Use high quality disease-free seeds
*Plant genetically resistant seed varieties
*Maintain adequate space: Avoid over-dense planting in order to allow light to penetrate
*Crop rotation is recommended
*Adequate fertilization: Overuse of nitrogen fertilizers and underuse of potassium fertilizers tends to increase plants susceptibility to many diseases, such as brown leaf spot.
The sooner the better: It is easier and more cost effective to overcome infections during the initial stage. Make a routine to monitor the field regularly and search plants for the presence of brown leaf spot.
*Sanitation: Infected plant debris must be removed at the end of cultivation in order to avoid the fungus from surviving and infecting newly planted rice.
The following fungicides are still in use in one or more parts of the world: Propiconazole, iprodione, metominostrobin, azoxystrobin, and carbendazim.
Caution and careful notice should be taken when using any plant protection products (insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides). It is the grower’s sole responsibility to keep track of the legal uses and permissions with respect to the laws in their country and destination markets. Always read the instructions written on labels, and in a case of contradiction, work in accordance to the product label. Keep in mind that information written on the label usually applies to local markets. Pest control products intended for organic farming are generally considered to be less effective in comparison to conventional products. When dealing with organic, biologic, and to some extent a small number of conventional chemical products, a complete eradication of a pest or disease will often require several iterations of a specific treatment or combination of treatments.